- Version compatibility
- Long-running Operations
- Version History
An egg to interface with the Kubo RPC API. Familiarity with it is assumed in this document, and it will be useful to be able to use this library.
There are a few details that are unspecified or unclearly expressed in the official documentation, that may lead to bugs or a wrong interface. If you think you've found some error or if you've found something that can be improved in this egg, please contact me. If, on the other hand, you've found some error or something that can be improved with the official IPFS documentation, do contact them (for example on Discourse or directly through an issue on GitHub). In this latter case, and when relevant, I would appreciate if you could let me know as well so I can be keep this egg up to date.
NOTE: This egg uses medea to read JSON that by default deserializes object keys as symbols, which isn't great. There's the possibility to change the JSON reader to use strings instead, but for now be warned: you shouldn't use this library with an untrusted Kubo node, it may crash your program. In the future the reader will be changed to read the keys as strings instead.
The following eggs are required for using this egg:
- openssl -- optional; mandatory if you want to use HTTPS
|0.0.4||0.14.0 ~ 0.15.0|
|0.0.5 ~ 0.0.6||0.16.0|
|0.0.7 ~ 0.0.8||0.17.0|
|0.0.9||0.18.0 ~ 0.18.1|
|0.0.10||0.19.0 ~ 0.19.1|
The official docs define some clear terminology at the top of the page that will be useful to know, even though sometimes they aren't themselves consistent throughout that page (IMO):
- (henceforth called API arguments) are positional arguments (that correspond to positional arguments of the related CLI command) given through the arg key on the query string of the request.
- (henceforth called API flags) are optional arguments (that correspond to flags/options of the related CLI command) given through their respective key on the query string of the request.
This is just a convenience module that reexports everything from the ipfs.v0 module described next.
This module exports high-level procedures to communicate with the Kubo node on the version v0 of the API. For details, I would highly encourage you to read the source code. Each endpoint is defined and exported using export-rpc-call with a high-level and easy to read DSL to make defining the whole of the API as easy and boilerplate-free as I can manage.
The exported procedures are named after the endpoint they're supposed to represent. E.g., add for /api/v0/add, and bitswap/ledger for /api/v0/bitswap/ledger.
API flags are given to the procedures as keyword arguments, with the name defined in the API docs. E.g., the cid-version flag of add is given as the #:cid-version keyword argument.
All procedures accept two common flags: #:offline and #:timeout. The first is a boolean. When #t, the gateway will perform the operation in offline mode, if possible. The #:timeout flag takes a string: a human-readable duration of the sort accepted by the --timeout global option of the ipfs CLI program.
API arguments are given to the procedures as keyword arguments as well, with a declarative name. E.g., the one and only argument to bitswap/ledger is called peer in this library, even though it is sent to the server as arg in the query string. Since only API arguments may be required, and it's not a PITA to specify them, procedures check for required arguments. The only exceptions are the bodies of the endpoints that require one, such as add. These must be given with the #:writer keyword argument, that is described next.
All procedures have, on top of their arguments and flags, two extra keyword arguments: #:reader and #:writer. These correspond, respectively, to the reader-thunk and writer-thunk of with-input-from-request from http-client, and may be given on a per-RPC-call basis (for whatever reason; e.g. performance maybe?). Unless noted otherwise (for some exceptions) all procedures have a sane default value according to their corresponding endpoint -- in general: reader/json for the reader and #f for the writer.
The scheme (HTTP/HTTPS), and hostname and port of the Kubo node you want to interface with. The default values are 'http, "localhost", and 5001 for *scheme*, *host*, and *port*, respectively. For details, see the documentation for make-uri of uri-common.
- (reader/plain #!optional number (port (current-input-port)))procedure
- (reader/json #!optional (port (current-input-port)))procedure
- (reader/json+ #!optional (port (current-input-port)))procedure
Convenience procedures to read the replies.
reader/plain is just a rename of read-string from (chicken io).
reader/json+ is similar to reader/json, but it tries to read more than one JSON message. This is used as the default reader for add, that returns several JSON messages, one for each added file or directory. The deserialized messages are returned in a list in the reverse order of appearance.
- writer/file path #!key name (headers '())procedure
- writer/directory path #!key name (headers '())procedure
- writer/filesystem path #!key test limit dotfiles follow-symlinksprocedure
- writer/port port #!key name (headers '())procedure
- writer/string string name #!optional (headers '())procedure
- writer/file* path #!key name (headers '())procedure
- writer/directory* path #!key name (headers '())procedure
- writer/port* port #!key name (headers '())procedure
- writer/string* string name #!optional (headers '())procedure
Convenience procedures to use as the writer given to with-input-from-request.
name is the name of the file to be given to Kubo, that is, the name that Kubo will use to save it. It is URI-encoded before sending.
headers is an alist of headers to use for an specific entry. See with-input-from-request.
writer/file can be used to send a single file to the Kubo node. path is the path to the file you want to send, and it must be accessible by the client (this library), not the Kubo node. name defaults to the basename of path. This allows special characters, such as /, so you can send a path.
writer/directory can be used to send a single directory to the Kubo node. The arguments of this function are similar to those of writer/file. NOTE: This does not send other files or directories contained in the specified directory, only an empty directory. For sending a file tree read next.
writer/filesystem can be used to send a file tree to the Kubo node. path specifies the root of the tree you want to send. For details on the other parameters see the documentation for find-files of (chicken file).
writer/port can be used to send the contents of a port to the Kubo node. If name is not given, with-input-from-request tries to use the port's own name.
writer/string can be used to send a string as the contents of a file to the Kubo node.
If none of these procedures quite fit your requirements, you can always build the writer list to pass to with-input-from-request yourself. writer/file*, writer/directory*, writer/port*, and writer/string* may prove useful. They're similar to their non-asterisked counterparts, but they return a single entry instead of an entry wrapped in a list. See the examples section.
This module exports the low-level procedures on which the high-level procedures are built.
TODO: Complete documentation
- writer/internal* path #!optional name (headers '())procedure
- writer/internal path #!optional name (headers '())procedure
These are used internally by most writer/* procedures. They may be useful to define your own writers when those already available don't suit your needs.
For more details, see the documentation for with-input-from-request and call-with-input-request of the http-client egg. path corresponds to file, name to filename, and headers to headers.
If name is provided it will be URI-encoded.
You may find that some endpoints aren't implemented. There are two possibilities: the endpoint is new and it hasn't been implemented yet; or, the endpoint has been deprecated or calling it gives HTTP 404. For the former, issues/PRs are very welcome! For the latter, if they're gone, they're gone. If you really need them, you can search the Git log. E.g. git log -1 -p -S'(key rotate)' -- ipfs.v0.scm will probably show you 3a32380.
Depending on your use case, some API calls may take a long time: minutes or even hours. To prevent the connection to the node from being terminated prematurely, you may want to adjust the TCP read timeout through the tcp-read-timeout parameter of the (chicken tcp) module.
(import (chicken tcp)) (tcp-read-timeout #f)
(import ipfs) (parameterize ((*port* 5006)) ; Add `example-directory` and all files under it using CIDv1, but without ; pinning. (print (add #:writer (writer/filesystem "example-directory/") #:cid-version 1 #:pin #f)) ; Add a directory `dir/` and a file `my-file.txt` inside it, by manually ; constructing the writer list. (let ((writer `(,(writer/directory* "~/some/directory/" #:name "dir/") ,(writer/file* "path/to/file.txt" #:name "dir/my-file.txt")))) (print (add #:writer writer #:cid-version 1 #:pin #f #:only-hash #t))) ; Get a list of all the peers the node is connected to. (print (swarm/peers)))
This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain. Anyone is free to copy, modify, publish, use, compile, sell, or distribute this software, either in source code form or as a compiled binary, for any purpose, commercial or non-commercial, and by any means. In jurisdictions that recognize copyright laws, the author or authors of this software dedicate any and all copyright interest in the software to the public domain. We make this dedication for the benefit of the public at large and to the detriment of our heirs and successors. We intend this dedication to be an overt act of relinquishment in perpetuity of all present and future rights to this software under copyright law. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. For more information, please refer to <http://unlicense.org>
- Initial release.
- Gather endpoint definitions in a single includeable file -- makes it easier to export to other languages.
- Add export-to-lua.scm.
- Change query-string separator to &.
- Update exported endpoints to match the latest IPFS v0.13.0 (release notes; API docs).
- Remove progress flags -- I believe they're ignored for the HTTP API.
- Update exported endpoints to match the latest Kubo v0.14.0 (release notes; API docs);
- Rename dht/* to routing/*;
- Change the default reader of refs and refs/local to reader/json+, thanks to teiresias;
- Add note about TCP timeouts to the docs, thanks to teiresias.
- Update exported endpoints to match the latest Kubo v0.16.0 (release notes; API docs);
- Add to-files flag to add.
- Add #:offline and #:timeout flags, thanks to teiresias.
- Update exported endpoints to match the latest Kubo v0.17.0 (release notes; API docs);
- Add repo/ls;
- Add reset flag to swarm/limit;
- Add min-used-limit-perc flag to swarm/stats;
- Add writer/port, writer/string, writer/port*, and writer/string*, as suggested by teiresias.
- Export writer/* procedures from ipfs.v0 module.
- Update exported endpoints to match the latest Kubo v0.18.0 (release notes; API docs);
- Modify writer/filesystem to not send directories.