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libmagic bindings.

Two modules are included, libmagic and magic:

The following documentation applies to the magic module.

The source for this egg is available here.


One procedure is provided, identify, that tries to do what you mean based on the type of its argument. Whenever libmagic returns an error, an exception of type (exn magic) is raised.

Note that this module loads libmagic's magic numbers database as soon as it's required (a.k.a. used). If you're not OK with this, use the low-level module.

identify #!optional object flagsprocedure

identify returns a textual description of the file indicated by object, or the contents of (current-input-port) if no object is specified.

If object is given, it may be any of the following types, with identify returning a description of:

  • blob: the contents of the blob.
  • string: the contents of the file indicated by the given filename.
  • integer: the contents of that file descriptor.
  • input-port: the contents of the port. This port must be backed by a file descriptor; if not, an error of type (exn type) will be raised.

If flags is given, it should be a symbol or list of symbols indicating the type of description to return. These correspond to the MAGIC_* constants in magic.h, and can be any combination of the following (though not all combinations make sense):

  • apple
  • compress
  • device
  • mime
  • mime-encoding encoding
  • mime-type type
  • no-apptype
  • no-cdf
  • no-compress
  • no-elf
  • no-encoding
  • no-soft
  • no-tar
  • no-text
  • no-tokens
  • none
  • preserve-atime
  • raw
  • symlink

For example:

(identify "/usr/include/magic.h") ; => "C source, ASCII text"
(identify "/usr/include/magic.h" 'mime) ; => "text/x-c; charset=us-ascii"
(identify "/usr/include/magic.h" '(preserve-atime no-text)) ; => "data"

An unrecognized flag will raise an exception of type (exn magic).


Evan Hanson


3-Clause BSD

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