chickadee » srfi-4

Unit srfi-4

Homogeneous numeric vector datatypes. Also see the original SRFI-4 document.

Chicken implementation

Blob conversions

(u8vector->blob U8VECTOR) procedure
(s8vector->blob S8VECTOR) procedure
(u16vector->blob U16VECTOR) procedure
(s16vector->blob S16VECTOR) procedure
(u32vector->blob U32VECTOR) procedure
(s32vector->blob S32VECTOR) procedure
(f32vector->blob F32VECTOR) procedure
(f64vector->blob F64VECTOR) procedure
(u8vector->blob/shared U8VECTOR) procedure
(s8vector->blob/shared S8VECTOR) procedure
(u16vector->blob/shared U16VECTOR) procedure
(s16vector->blob/shared S16VECTOR) procedure
(u32vector->blob/shared U32VECTOR) procedure
(s32vector->blob/shared S32VECTOR) procedure
(f32vector->blob/shared F32VECTOR) procedure
(f64vector->blob/shared F64VECTOR) procedure

Each of these procedures return the contents of the given vector as a 'packed' blob. The byte order in that vector is platform-dependent (for example little-endian on an Intel processor). The /shared variants return a blob that shares memory with the contents of the vector.

(blob->u8vector BLOB) procedure
(blob->s8vector BLOB) procedure
(blob->u16vector BLOB) procedure
(blob->s16vector BLOB) procedure
(blob->u32vector BLOB) procedure
(blob->s32vector BLOB) procedure
(blob->f32vector BLOB) procedure
(blob->f64vector BLOB) procedure
(blob->u8vector/shared BLOB) procedure
(blob->s8vector/shared BLOB) procedure
(blob->u16vector/shared BLOB) procedure
(blob->s16vector/shared BLOB) procedure
(blob->u32vector/shared BLOB) procedure
(blob->s32vector/shared BLOB) procedure
(blob->f32vector/shared BLOB) procedure
(blob->f64vector/shared BLOB) procedure

Each of these procedures return a vector where the argument BLOB is taken as a 'packed' representation of the contents of the vector. The /shared variants return a vector that shares memory with the contents of the blob.

Subvectors

(subu8vector U8VECTOR FROM TO) procedure
(subu16vector U16VECTOR FROM TO) procedure
(subu32vector U32VECTOR FROM TO) procedure
(subs8vector S8VECTOR FROM TO) procedure
(subs16vector S16VECTOR FROM TO) procedure
(subs32vector S32VECTOR FROM TO) procedure
(subf32vector F32VECTOR FROM TO) procedure
(subf64vector F64VECTOR FROM TO) procedure

Creates a number vector of the same type as the argument vector with the elements at the positions FROM up to but not including TO.

Vector I/O

(read-u8vector LENGTH [PORT]) procedure

Reads LENGTH bytes from the PORT and returns a fresh u8vector or less if end-of-file is encountered. PORT defaults to the value of (current-input-port).

If LENGTH is #f, the vector will be filled completely until end-of-file is reached.

(read-u8vector! LENGTH U8VECTOR [PORT [START]]) procedure

Reads LENGTH bytes from the PORT writing the read input into U8VECTOR beginning at START (or 0 if not given). PORT defaults to the value of (current-input-port).

If LENGTH is #f, the vector will be filled completely until end-of-file is reached. This procedure returns the number of bytes read.

(write-u8vector U8VECTOR [PORT [START [END]]]) procedure

Writes the bytes U8VECTOR between the indices START (inclusive) and END (exclusive) to PORT.

PORT defaults to the value of (current-output-port).

SRFI-4 specification

SRFI-4 describes a set of datatypes for vectors whose elements are of the same numeric type (signed or unsigned exact integer or inexact real of a given precision). These datatypes support operations analogous to the Scheme vector type, but they are distinct datatypes. An external representation is specified which must be supported by the read and write procedures and by the program parser (i.e. programs can contain references to literal homogeneous vectors).

Datatypes

There are 8 datatypes of exact integer homogeneous vectors (which will be called integer vectors):

DatatypeType of elements
s8vectorsigned exact integer in the range -(2^7) to (2^7)-1
u8vectorunsigned exact integer in the range 0 to (2^8)-1
s16vectorsigned exact integer in the range -(2^15) to (2^15)-1
u16vectorunsigned exact integer in the range 0 to (2^16)-1
s32vectorsigned exact integer in the range -(2^31) to (2^31)-1
u32vectorunsigned exact integer in the range 0 to (2^32)-1
s64vectorsigned exact integer in the range -(2^63) to (2^63)-1
u64vectorunsigned exact integer in the range 0 to (2^64)-1

There are 2 datatypes of inexact real homogeneous vectors (which will be called float vectors):

DatatypeType of elements
f32vectorinexact real
f64vectorinexact real

The only difference between the two float vector types is that f64vectors preserve at least as much precision as f32vectors.

Each homogeneous vector datatype has an external representation which is supported by the read and write procedures and by the program parser. Each datatype also has a set of associated predefined procedures analogous to those available for Scheme's heterogeneous vectors.

External representation

#u8 read
#u16 read
#u32 read
#s8 read
#s16 read
#s32 read
#f32 read
#f64 read

The external representation of instances of the datatype XXXvector is #XXX( ...elements... ).

For example,

#u8(0 #e1e2 #xff)}}  ; a {{u8vector}} of length 3 containing 0, 100, 255
#f64(-1.5)           ; a {{f64vector}} of length 1 containing -1.5.

This external representation is also available in program source code. For example,

(set! x '#u8(1 2 3))

will set x to the object #u8(1 2 3). Literal homogeneous vectors must be quoted just like heterogeneous vectors must be. Homogeneous vectors can appear in quasiquotations but must not contain unquote or unquote-splicing forms. I.e.,

`(,x #u8(1 2))        ; legal
`#u8(1 ,x 2)          ; illegal

Predicates

(u8vector? OBJ) procedure
(s8vector? OBJ) procedure
(u16vector? OBJ) procedure
(s16vector? OBJ) procedure
(u32vector? OBJ) procedure
(s32vector? OBJ) procedure
(f32vector? OBJ) procedure
(f64vector? OBJ) procedure

Return #t if obj is an object of the specified type or #f if not.

Constructors

(make-u8vector N [U8VALUE NONGC FINALIZE]) procedure
(make-s8vector N [S8VALUE NONGC FINALIZE]) procedure
(make-u16vector N [U16VALUE NONGC FINALIZE]) procedure
(make-s16vector N [S16VALUE NONGC FINALIZE]) procedure
(make-u32vector N [U32VALUE NONGC FINALIZE]) procedure
(make-s32vector N [S32VALUE NONGC FINALIZE]) procedure
(make-f32vector N [F32VALUE NONGC FINALIZE]) procedure
(make-f64vector N [F64VALUE NONGC FINALIZE]) procedure

Return a newly-allocated SRFI-4 homogeneous number vector of length N.

If the optional fill VALUE is specified, it specifies the initial value for each slot in the vector. If not, the content of the vector is unspecified but individual elements of the vector are guaranteed to be in the range of values permitted for that type of vector.

The type of the fill value must be compatible with the elements of the vector datatype. It is an error if otherwise -- for example, if an inexact integer is passed to make-u8vector.

On Chicken, these procedures have been extended to allow allocating the storage in non-garbage collected memory, as follows:

The optional arguments NONGC and FINALIZE define whether the vector should be allocated in a memory area not subject to garbage collection and whether the associated storage should be automatically freed (using finalization) when there are no references from Scheme variables and data. NONGC defaults to #f (the vector will be located in normal garbage collected memory) and FINALIZE defaults to #t. Note that the FINALIZE argument is only used when NONGC is true.

(u8vector U8VALUE ...) procedure
(s8vector S8VALUE ...) procedure
(u16vector U16VALUE ...) procedure
(s16vector S16VALUE ...) procedure
(u32vector U32VALUE ...) procedure
(s32vector S32VALUE ...) procedure
(f32vector F32VALUE ...) procedure
(f64vector F64VALUE ...) procedure

Return a newly-allocated SRFI-4 homogeneous number vector of the specified type, composed of the arguments.

Length

(u8vector-length U8VECTOR) procedure
(s8vector-length S8VECTOR) procedure
(u16vector-length U16VECTOR) procedure
(s16vector-length S16VECTOR) procedure
(u32vector-length U32VECTOR) procedure
(s32vector-length S32VECTOR) procedure
(f32vector-length F32VECTOR) procedure
(f64vector-length F64VECTOR) procedure

Returns the length of the SRFI-4 homogeneous number VECTOR.

Getters

(u8vector-ref U8VECTOR I) procedure
(s8vector-ref S8VECTOR i) procedure
(u16vector-ref U16VECTOR I) procedure
(s16vector-ref S16VECTOR I) procedure
(u32vector-ref U32VECTOR I) procedure
(s32vector-ref S32VECTOR I) procedure
(f32vector-ref F32VECTOR I) procedure
(f64vector-ref F64VECTOR I) procedure

Return the value of the ith element of the SRFI-4 homogeneous number vector, where I is a nonnegative exact integer less than the length of the vector.

Setters

(u8vector-set! U8VECTOR I U8VALUE) procedure
(s8vector-set! S8VECTOR I S8VALUE) procedure
(u16vector-set! U16VECTOR I U16VALUE) procedure
(s16vector-set! S16VECTOR I S16VALUE) procedure
(u32vector-set! U32VECTOR I U32VALUE) procedure
(s32vector-set! S32VECTOR I S32VALUE) procedure
(f32vector-set! F32VECTOR I F32VALUE) procedure
(f64vector-set! F64VECTOR I F64VALUE) procedure

Set the ith element of the SRFI-4 homogeneous number VECTOR to VALUE. I is a nonnegative exact integer less than the length of the vector and VALUE must be the same type as the elements of the vector datatype.

Additionally, SRFI-17 setters are defined on all xxxvector-ref procedures. For example, to set the ith element of SRFI-4 u8vector to u8value:

(set! (u8vector-ref u8vector i) u8value)

Conversions

(u8vector->list U8VECTOR) procedure
(s8vector->list S8VECTOR) procedure
(u16vector->list U16VECTOR) procedure
(s16vector->list S16VECTOR) procedure
(u32vector->list U32VECTOR) procedure
(s32vector->list S32VECTOR) procedure
(f32vector->list F32VECTOR) procedure
(f64vector->list F64VECTOR) procedure

Return a list consisting of the elements of SRFI-4 homogeneous number VECTOR.

(list->u8vector U8LIST) procedure
(list->s8vector S8LIST) procedure
(list->u16vector U16LIST) procedure
(list->s16vector S16LIST) procedure
(list->u32vector U32LIST) procedure
(list->s32vector S32LIST) procedure
(list->f32vector F32LIST) procedure
(list->f64vector F64LIST) procedure

Return a newly-allocated SRFI-4 homogeneous number VECTOR consisting of the elements of LIST. Each element of LIST must be compatible with the datatype of VECTOR.


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