## Module (chicken flonum)

Because CHICKEN supports a full numeric tower, operations can sometimes incur a subtantial overhead to simply detect the type of numbers you're passing in. When you know you're definitely dealing only with flonums, you can choose to use flonum-specific operations to avoid this overhead.

This is purely a performance hack. You might want to consider adding type annotations instead, this often gives the same performance boost without having to rewrite all numeric operators in your code.

### Arithmetic floating-point operations

`fp+``X``Y`procedure`fp-``X``Y`procedure`fp*``X``Y`procedure`fp/``X``Y`procedure`fpgcd``X``Y`procedure`fpneg``X`procedure`fpmin``X``Y`procedure`fpmax``X``Y`procedure`fp=``X``Y`procedure`fp>``X``Y`procedure`fp<``X``Y`procedure`fp>=``X``Y`procedure`fp<=``X``Y`procedure`fpfloor``X`procedure`fpceiling``X`procedure`fptruncate``X`procedure`fpround``X`procedure`fpsin``X`procedure`fpcos``X`procedure`fptan``X`procedure`fpasin``X`procedure`fpacos``X`procedure`fpatan``X`procedure`fpatan2``X``Y`procedure`fplog``X`procedure`fpexp``X`procedure`fpexpt``X``Y`procedure`fpsqrt``X`procedure`fpabs``X`procedure`fpinteger?``X`procedureArithmetic floating-point operations.

In safe mode, these procedures throw a type error when given non-float arguments. In unsafe mode, these procedures do not check their arguments. A non-flonum argument in unsafe mode can crash the application.

Note:

`fpround`uses the rounding mode that your C library implements, which is usually different from R5RS.

## Flonum limits

`maximum-flonum`constant`minimum-flonum`constant`flonum-radix`constant`flonum-epsilon`constant`flonum-precision`constant`flonum-decimal-precision`constant`flonum-maximum-exponent`constant`flonum-minimum-exponent`constant`flonum-maximum-decimal-exponent`constant`flonum-minimum-decimal-exponent`constantPlatform-specific flonum limits.

`flonum-print-precision``#!optional``PRECISION`procedureGets and sets the number of significant digits printed for a floating-point number.

`PRECISION`must be a positive`fixnum`. Returns the setting that was previously in effect.The default print precision is 15 on nearly all systems, and 7 on the rare system on which the

`double`type is only single-precision.**Note:**To ensure read/write invariance for*all*floating-point numbers, you must increase print precision from 15 to 17 (or from 7 to 9). For example:> (define a (expt 2 -53)) > (define b (+ a (* 2 (expt 10 -32)))) > (eqv? a b) #f > (flonum-print-precision 15) > (cons a b) (1.11022302462516e-16 . 1.11022302462516e-16) ;; same printed representation > (flonum-print-precision 17) > (cons a b) (1.1102230246251565e-16 . 1.1102230246251568e-16) ;; differs in last place

On the downside, this will result in unnecessarily precise representations of many numbers:

> (flonum-print-precision 17) > 0.1 0.10000000000000001

The maximum number of decimal digits required to uniquely represent all floating-point numbers of a certain precision is given by the formula

`ceil(1+N*log10(2))`, where N is the number of bits of precision; for double-precision,`N=53`.

Previous: Module (chicken fixnum)

Next: Module (chicken foreign)