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simple-units

Simple Units

Documentation

Rudimentary support for the concept of quantity.

Argument Conventions

OBJ is a Scheme object

NAME is a symbol

BASE-NAME is a symbol, the name of unit with the unit value of 1.

UNITS-NAME is a symbol

UNITS is an instance of units (Read as unit-set.)

UNITS-SYSTEM is an instance of units-system, the default is (default-units-system).

Units (Unit-Set)

make-units

(make-units NAME BASE-NAME [system: UNITS-SYSTEM] UNIT-SPEC...) => units syntax

Returns a new units.

Also pollutes the UNITS-SYSTEM with the new units, unless it already exists by-name. In which case the new units is said to be standalone.

NAME is a symbol, the name of the units.

BASE-NAME is a symbol, the name of the unit with factor 1.

UNIT-SPEC is the form <unit-spec>.

<unit-spec> := <unit-name> <unit-value>

<unit-value> ::= <unit-factor> <unit-value> ::= <unit-name> <unit-value> ::= (<unit-factor> <unit-name>)

<unit-name> ::= <symbol>

<unit-factor> ::= <number>

make-units*

(make-units* NAME BASE-NAME [system: UNITS-SYSTEM] UNIT-SPEC...) => units syntax

Like make-units but always creates an standalone units instance, i.e. the UNITS-SYSTEM is not polluted by the created units.

units?

(units? OBJ) => boolean procedure
(check-units LOC OBJ [ARGNAM]) => * procedure
(error-units LOC OBJ [ARGNAM]) procedure

units-name

(units-name UNITS) => symbol procedure

units-base-name

(units-base-name UNITS) => symbol procedure

units-unit-names

(units-unit-names UNITS) => (list-of symbol) procedure

units-unit-factor

(units-unit-factor UNITS NAME) => number procedure

Returns the value for the unit with NAME in UNITS

units-units-system

(units-units-system UNITS) => units-system procedure

The units-system defining UNITS.

Quantity

quantity

(quantity N NAME [UNITS]) => number syntax
(quantity N NAME [system: UNITS-SYSTEM]) => number syntax
(quantity N NAME UNITS-NAME system: UNITS-SYSTEM) => number syntax

make-quantity

(make-quantity N NAME UNITS) => number procedure

Units System

make-units-system

(make-units-system NAME) => units-system procedure

units-system?

(units-system? OBJ) => boolean procedure
(check-units-system LOC OBJ [ARGNAM]) => * procedure
(error-units-system LOC OBJ [ARGNAM]) procedure

units-system-name

(units-system-name [UNITS-SYSTEM]) => symbol procedure

units-system-catalog

(units-system-catalog [UNITS-SYSTEM]) => (list-of units) procedure

units-system-units

(units-system-units NAME [UNITS-SYSTEM]) => units procedure

Returns the units of NAME in the UNITS-SYSTEM.

units-system-units/unit

(units-system-units/unit NAME [UNITS-SYSTEM]) => units procedure

Returns the units with unit of NAME in the UNITS-SYSTEM.

units-system-add-units!

(units-system-add-units! UNITS [UNITS-SYSTEM]) procedure

Adds UNITS to UNITS-SYSTEM catalog, replacing any existing units of the same name.

default-units-system

(default-units-system) => units-system procedure
(default-units-system UNITS-SYSTEM) procedure

Gets and sets the default units-system.

Unit

factor?

(factor? OBJ) => boolean procedure

Is OBJ a factor, as determined by (units-number-predicate)?

(check-factor LOC OBJ [ARGNAM]) => * procedure
(error-factor LOC OBJ [ARGNAM]) procedure

units-factor-scale

(units-factor-scale) => procedure procedure
(units-factor-scale MULTIPLY) procedure

Gets and sets the procedure used to scale factors.

MULTIPLY is a (procedure (number number) number).

Override when using the numbers extension, for example.

units-number-predicate

(units-number-predicate) => procedure procedure
(units-number-predicate PREDICATE) procedure

Gets and sets the procedure used determine what is a number.

PREDICATE is a (procedure (*) boolean).

Override when using the numbers extension, for example.

units-number-system

(units-number-system MULTIPLY PREDICATE) procedure
(units-number-system) => (values procedure procedure) procedure

Convenience for units-factor-scale & units-number-predicate?. When no arguments returns 2 values, the (units-factor-scale) and (units-number-predicate?).

Usage

(require-extension simple-units)

Examples

(make-units time s
  m 60
  h (60 m)
  d (24 h)
  ms (0.0001 s)
  us (0.0001 ms))

(define 23h23m23s
  (+ (quantity 23 h)
     (quantity 23 m)
     (quantity 23 s)))
(define time-units
  (make-units* time s
    m 60
    h (60 m)
    d (24 h)
    ms (0.0001 s)
    us (0.0001 ms)))

(define 23h23m23s
  (+ (quantity 23 h time-units)
     (quantity 23 m time-units)
     (quantity 23 s time-units)))
(use numbers)

(units-number-system * number?) ;must override

(make-units time s
  m 60
  h (60 m)
  d (24 h)
  ms (1/1000 s)
  us (1/1000 ms))

(make-units distance m
  km 1000
  cm 1/100
  mm (1/10 cm)
  nm (1/1000 mm)

  ; Defined in 1956
  yard 9144/10000
  foot (1/3 yard)
  inch (1/12 foot)
  mile (1760 yard)
  furlong (1/8 mile)

  ; Defined in 1929
  nautical-mile 1852
  cable (1/10 nautical-mile)
  fathom (2 yard)

  ; Dropped in 1970
  old-british-nautical-mile
    (6080/3 yard)
  old-british-cable
    (1/10 old-british-nautical-mile)
  old-british-fathom
    (1/100 old-british-cable))

Notes

Requirements

record-variants list-utils symbol-utils lookup-table moremacros type-checks

setup-helper

Bugs and Limitations

Author

Kon Lovett

Version history

1.2.4
New distributed egg repository system cannot update existing release.
1.2.3
Added variable-item dependency.
1.2.2
Update dependencies, fix version number.
1.2.1
Update dependencies.
1.2.0
Removed dependency on "format-compiler-base".
1.1.0
1.0.0
Hello.

License

Copyright (C) 2010 Kon Lovett. All rights reserved.

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the Software), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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